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GERD – Chronic Acid Reflux. Symptoms, Causes & Treatment

GERD, or gastroesophageal reflux disease, is a chronic condition in which acid from the stomach flows back up into the esophagus. This can cause heartburn, chest pain, and other symptoms.

Left untreated, GERD can lead to serious complications, such as esophageal cancer.

There is no one-size-fits-all approach to treating GERD. Treatment will depend on your symptoms and may involve lifestyle changes, over-the-counter medications, prescription medications, surgery, or a combination of treatments.

What is GERD?

Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is a chronic digestive disorder that occurs when stomach acid or stomach contents backs up into the esophagus. GERD affects people of all ages—from infants to older adults.

The most common symptom of GERD is persistent heartburn, which is pain or discomfort in the chest that occurs when stomach acid rises into the esophagus. Other symptoms may include regurgitation (food or liquid coming back up into the mouth or throat), difficulty swallowing, coughing, wheezing, and chest pain.

GERD can be caused by a variety of factors, including certain foods and drinks, obesity, pregnancy, hiatal hernia, and certain medications. Medications that can cause or worsen symptoms include beta-blockers, calcium channel blockers, nitrates, and sedatives. If you think you may have GERD, talk to your doctor.

GERD can usually be controlled with medication. In some cases, surgery may be necessary to repair the damage caused by GERD.

Does GERD go away?

If you suffer from gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), you’re probably all too familiar with the uncomfortable symptoms it can cause. But what about the long-term effects of GERD? Does this condition always require treatment, or can it eventually go away on its own?

Unfortunately, GERD is a chronic condition that is unlikely to go away on its own. In fact, left untreated, GERD can lead to serious health complications, including esophageal cancer. However, there are treatments available that can effectively manage the symptoms of GERD and minimize the risk of serious health problems. If you think you may be suffering from GERD, talk to your doctor about your treatment options.

Symptoms of GERD

The most common symptom of GERD is heartburn. This is a burning sensation in the chest that can extend to the neck, throat, and face. It is often worse when lying down or bending over.

Other symptoms of GERD include:

  • Regurgitation (a feeling of liquid coming up into the throat or mouth)
  • Belching
  • Chronic cough
  • Difficulty swallowing
  • Wheezing or hoarseness
  • Sore throat
  • Bad breath
Causes of GERD

There are many different causes of GERD. Some people may have a disorder that allows stomach contents to back up into the esophagus. Others may have a hiatal hernia, which is when part of the stomach bulges through an opening in the diaphragm (the muscle that separates the chest and abdomen).

Certain foods and drinks can trigger GERD symptoms. Common triggers include fatty or fried foods, citrus fruits, chocolate, mint, garlic, onions, and spicy foods. These triggers are different for everyone. You may need to experiment to figure out which foods make your symptoms worse.

What foods should be avoided with GERD?

There are certain foods that should be avoided if you suffer from GERD. These include spicy foods, fatty foods, fried foods, citrus fruits, tomatoes, chocolate, mint, onions, garlic, and carbonated beverages. All of these can trigger symptoms by irritating the esophagus or increasing the amount of acid in the stomach.

It is best to avoid these foods altogether. However, if you do eat them, be sure to do so in moderation and always pair them with other non-triggering foods. For example, if you have a spicy dish, add some rice to help neutralize the spice. And be sure to drink plenty of water throughout the day to keep your stomach acids from becoming too concentrated.

Treatment for GERD

Acid reflux disease, also known as gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), is a condition where the acid in the stomach leaks back up into the esophagus. This can cause heartburn and other symptoms.

There are a number of things you can do to treat GERD. Many people find that making lifestyle changes is enough to provide relief. These include avoiding trigger foods, eating smaller meals, and avoiding lying down for three hours after eating.

There are also a number of medications that can be used to treat GERD, depending on the severity of your symptoms. Over-the-counter (OTC) antacids and H2 blockers may help reduce symptoms. Prescription medications such as proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) can also be used in more severe cases. If lifestyle changes and medications don’t work, surgery may be an option.

How can I treat GERD naturally?

There are many different ways to treat GERD naturally. Some people find that certain lifestyle changes, such as avoiding spicy foods or eating smaller meals, help to reduce their symptoms. Others may need to take medication or supplements to control their GERD.

Acid reflux is a common condition that can cause uncomfortable symptoms like heartburn and indigestion. Luckily, there are many natural treatments available that can help to relieve these symptoms.

For example, apple cider vinegar is a popular home remedy for acid reflux. Simply mix one tablespoon of apple cider vinegar with eight ounces of water and drink before meals. Another option is to chew on a piece of ginger root or take a supplement before meals. If you’re looking for something sweet to drink, try herbal tea with honey or licorice root tea.

How is GERD diagnosed?

GERD, or gastroesophageal reflux disease, is a chronic condition in which acid reflux occurs. Acid reflux is the backward flow of stomach contents such as food and liquid through the esophagus to the mouth. GERD occurs when this backward flow is frequent or chronic.

GERD can be difficult to diagnose because it may resemble other conditions such as heartburn, indigestion, or even a heart attack. Your doctor will likely ask you about your symptoms and perform a physical examination. They may also recommend tests such as an upper endoscopy, in which a thin tube with a camera is inserted down your throat, or esophageal pH monitoring, in which a small tube is placed in your esophagus to measure the amount of acid in your esophagus over time.


In conclusion, GERD is a condition that can cause a great deal of discomfort. If you think you may be suffering from GERD, it’s important to see a doctor so that you can get the proper diagnosis and treatment.

Acid reflux, also known as GERD, is a chronic condition in which stomach acid flows back up into the esophagus. This can cause a range of symptoms including heartburn, chest pain, and regurgitation. Acid reflux is usually treated with lifestyle changes and over-the-counter medications. In severe cases, surgery may be necessary.